As the sector expands it is attracting interest from private equity firms and asset managers typically invested in more traditional commercial property assets.
The centres are increasingly in demand as businesses and government agencies have moved to cloud computing. The three biggest cloud providers, Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure, are by far the largest tenants and have been growing fast in recent years.
The cloud providers often use data centres in much the same way that co-working companies such as WeWork use offices: leasing whole buildings from owners and then subleasing portions of the centre to other businesses.
Demand for cloud applications has surged during coronavirus. Outside Europe’s main markets, take-up of data centre capacity almost doubled in cities such as Madrid, Warsaw and Milan compared with 2019, said property company Knight Frank.
“The growth in cloud computing has never been as pronounced as in the last nine months. Finance departments are asking chief technology officers to reduce costs. The only short-term cheap fix is to go to the public cloud,” said Stephen Beard, head of data centres at Knight Frank.
That has prompted interest from private equity firms and institutional investors. Private equity firms Brookfield and KKR, the bank Goldman Sachs and asset managers Nuveen and Pimco are among those looking to increase their investment, Beard said.
“Data centres are a very big opportunity for us,” said John O’Driscoll, European head of transactions at Axa Investment Managers. Axa IM bought the European data centre operator Data4 in 2018.
“Anecdotally, you definitely see more traditional institutional investor interest in the space,” O’Driscoll said. “In the US, investors would once have had shopping centres and towers, now its data centres . . . Covid-19 has been an accelerator.”
Land suitable for building data centres can be scarce. Sites need access to considerable amounts of power and shelter from any natural hazards.
That has helped push up land values. In Slough, England, the data centre “Mecca” according to Beard, suitable land has traded for as much as £9m an acre, higher than peak industrial land values in London, he said.
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